The combination of the two personality traits explains how narcissists are both very sociable and also prone to being rude and selfish.
While many people are a little narcissistic, it is only at the more extreme end that narcissism becomes a disorder.
Typical traits of someone with a narcissistic personality disorder include:
- Convinced of their own superiority to others.
- Appear arrogant and conceited.
- Envious: they want power, prestige and adoration.
- Extremely self-absorbed.
- Lacking empathy towards others.
Types of narcissist
Psychologists have suggested different types of narcissists:
- Grandiose narcissists: over-inflated sense of self-importance.
- Vulnerable narcissists: defensive and see others as hostile. Linked to more anxiety and depression.
How to spot a narcissist
Signs of narcissism include acting like an extravert, talking loudly to draw attention to themselves and being very sensitive to criticism.
One of the easiest ways to spot a narcissist is simply to ask them directly — they are proud of being narcissists.
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