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Most people have experienced depression for at least a short period of time.

Depressed people tend to feel helpless, hopeless, worthless and that their lives are out of control.

It is very common, affecting around 7 percent of adults each year.

The four main symptoms of depression are:

  1. Loss of interest/pleasure,
  2. depressed mood,
  3. fatigue,
  4. and concentration problems.

These are most likely to predict the onset of Major Depressive Disorder (commonly known as clinical depression).

Types of depression

There are various different types of depression:

Children and young people can also suffer depression, although they may call it something different.

Causes of depression

Depression can have a wide range of causes including:

  • Very stressful events, such as bereavements.
  • Medical conditions like insomnia or chronic pain.
  • Childhood trauma.
  • Family history.

Depression treatments

The treatments for depression are many and varied.

Here are a some approaches to depression that are supported by scientific evidence:

People often use a combination of approaches until they find what works best for them.

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