Depressed people tend to feel helpless, hopeless, worthless and that their lives are out of control.
It is very common, affecting around 7 percent of adults each year.
The four main symptoms of depression are:
- Loss of interest/pleasure,
- depressed mood,
- and concentration problems.
These are most likely to predict the onset of Major Depressive Disorder (commonly known as clinical depression).
- Signs of Depression: 10 Common Symptoms You Should Know
Types of depression
There are various different types of depression:
- Major Depressive Disorder
- Persistent Depressive Disorder
- Postpartum Depression
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
Children and young people can also suffer depression, although they may call it something different.
Causes of depression
Depression can have a wide range of causes including:
- Very stressful events, such as bereavements.
- Medical conditions like insomnia or chronic pain.
- Childhood trauma.
- Family history.
The treatments for depression are many and varied.
Here are a some approaches to depression that are supported by scientific evidence:
- Self-help books: Dr Jeremy Dean’s ebook is called Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do.
- Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression and online CBT for depression.
- Meditation for depression.
- Dietary changes reduce depression.
- Sleep deprivation for depression.
- Reducing loneliness.
People often use a combination of approaches until they find what works best for them.
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