A fascinating new study on the brains of 949 young people finds striking gender differences in the brain’s connectivity between males and females (Ingalhalikar et al., 2013).
These may help explain some of the classic psychological differences between men and women.
The study uses a type of brain imaging–diffusion tensor imaging–which can reveal the microscopic structures of the living brain.
From the 428 males in the study, the researchers found that the connections in men’s minds ran more between the front and the back, within the same half of the brain.
This may help to explain men’s advantage with motor and spatial skills over women since front-to-back connections help link perception with action.
In the brains of the 521 females in the study, the researchers noted more overall connections between the two hemispheres of the brain.
This may help explain women’s improved memory and social skills, the authors argue, since communication between the halves of the brain helps link intuition with analysis.
Differences emerge at 13
The participants in the study were aged between 8 and 22-years old, as the researchers were looking for clues about how the brain develops.
They found that there were few differences between males and females before the age of 13, but that the different patterns of connectivity kicked in at puberty.
One of the study’s authors, Ruben Gur commented:
“It’s quite striking how complementary the brains of women and men really are. Detailed connectome maps of the brain will not only help us better understand the differences between how men and women think, but it will also give us more insight into the roots of neurological disorders, which are often sex related.”
Image credit: Ragini Verma, Ph.D., Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences