The Common Vitamin Linked To Weight Loss

Around half the world’s population is deficient in this vitamin.

Around half the world’s population is deficient in this vitamin.

Supplementation with vitamin D could help promote weight loss, a study suggests.

Taking the supplement is linked to weight loss, lower body fat and better cholesterol readings.

Around half the world’s population is deficient in vitamin D.

One reason for the beneficial effect of vitamin D may be its link to the neurotransmitter serotonin.

Serotonin can affect everything from sleep to mood.

High levels of vitamin D may also suppress the storage of fat.

In contrast, having low levels of vitamin D in the body is linked to the storing of fat.

Foods that are rich in vitamin D include oily fish and eggs, but most people get their vitamin D from the action of sunlight on the skin.

For the study, 232 obese young people were followed over one year.

Half of them were given a vitamin D supplement.

They took a high level for six weeks and then continued on a lower maintenance dose for the rest of the year.

The typical level of vitamin D supplementation for an adult is around 10 micrograms per day.

The results showed that those given vitamin D supplementation had less body fat, lower cholesterol and a lower body mass index after one year.

Professor Evangelia Charmandari, study author, said:

“These findings suggest that simple vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk of overweight and obese children developing serious heart and metabolic complications in later life.”

Professor Charmandari recommends considering a vitamin D test:

“Although these initial findings indicate that vitamin D could be used in the treatment of obesity, there remains a lack of evidence on the safety and long-term effects of supplementation, particularly if there is no vitamin D deficiency.

However, if your child is overweight or obese I recommend that you consult your primary care physician for advice, and consider having their vitamin D levels tested.”

The study was presented at the 57th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology.

Weight Loss: Awareness Of This Emotion Helps People Eat Less

Head and neck pain and problems sleeping are common signs of this emotion.

Head and neck pain and problems sleeping are common signs of this emotion.

Reducing stress can help people control their weight, a study finds.

Overweight mothers ate less fast-food and fewer high-fat snacks after taking a stress reduction course.

The course focused on how the stressed mothers could lead a more healthy lifestyle and not on lecturing them.

For example, they were shown how to recognise when they were stressed and to take a deep breath to cope with it.

Mothers watched videos that helped them with prioritising and time management.

Dr Mei-Wei Chang, the study’s first author, said:

“We used the women’s testimonies in the videos and showed their interactions with their families to raise awareness about stressors.

After watching the videos, a lot of intervention participants said, ‘This is the first time I’ve realized I am so stressed out’ — because they’ve lived a stressful life.

Many of these women are aware of feeling impatient, and having head and neck pain and trouble sleeping — but they don’t know those are signs of stress.”

The study included 338 overweight mothers on low incomes who all had children under 5-years-old.

Many were facing a number of difficulties, including poor living conditions, unstable relationships and financial problems.

Of the total, 212 participants were shown videos in which other women like them gave testimonials about food preparation, healthy eating, exercise and managing stress.

They also had access to an online support group.

The results showed that mothers who reduced their stress also decreased their consumption of high-fat foods.

Dr Chang said:

“It’s not that these women didn’t want to eat healthier.

If you don’t know how to manage stress, then when you are so stressed out, why would you care about what you eat?”

The tips mothers were given were very practical, such as using a chart to assign jobs to their children and rewarding kids for being well-behaved.

For stress management, mothers were encouraged not to blame themselves, but instead to think about how they could solve the problem.

Dr Chang said:

“I learned a lot from those women.

Everything needs to be practical and applicable to daily life — anytime, anywhere.”

Self-awareness of stress is important, said Dr Chang:

“We raised their awareness about stressors in their lives, and unfortunately a lot of these problems are not within their control.

So we teach them ways to control their negative emotions — remember that this is temporary, and you can get through it.

And give them confidence to look to the future.”

→ Read on: self-compassion is vital for stress reduction.

The study was published in the journal Nutrients (Chang et al., 2021).

A Simple Technique To Double Weight Loss

This technique helps people double their weight loss if combined with diet and exercise.

This technique helps people double their weight loss if combined with diet and exercise.

People who weigh themselves regularly lose weight without making other changes to diet or lifestyle, research finds.

Self-weighing is also effective for maintaining weight loss, studies have found.

Those trying to lose weight can even double their weight loss by simply noting down the details of their diet and exercise regime, some studies have found.

The latest study was carried out on 296 college-age women who were tracked over two years.

None of the women were enrolled in any kind of weight loss program.

The results showed that women who had at least one period of daily self-weighing experienced weight loss.

Dr Diane Rosenbaum, the study’s first author, said:

“The losses in BMI and body fat percentage were modest, but still significant, especially keeping in mind that these women were not part of a weight loss program.

We did not expect that, in the absence of a weight loss intervention, folks would be losing weight.”

This study does not necessarily show that self-weighing causes weight loss, the study’s authors write:

“It is possible that the relation between self-weighing and weight might be driven by scale avoidance among those who experienced weight gain.”

However, other studies have repeatedly linked self-weighing to weight loss.

One study has found that weighing oneself daily is linked to losing 10 percent of body weight over the year (Pacanowski & Levitsky, 2015).

Dr Meghan Butryn, study co-author, said:

“Regularly weighing yourself can motivate you to engage in healthy eating and exercise behaviors, because it provides you with evidence that these behaviors are effective in helping you lose weight or prevent weight gain.

Similarly, if you see weight gain on the scale, that information can motivate you to make a change.”

The study was published in the Journal of Behavioral Medicine (Rosenbaum et al., 2017).

Easy Weight Loss: This Oil Reduces Belly Fat

Use this oil for cooking to achieve more weight loss.

Use this oil for cooking to achieve more weight loss.

Consuming 15 to 30 g of coconut oil in the daily diet can reduce belly fat, research finds.

Coconut oil can also reduce hunger pangs and appetite and this can help with weight loss.

A meta-analysis of different studies suggests that replacing long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) with medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) over the long-term can lead to weight lost and reduce belly fat.

Coconut oil, palm kernel oil, desiccated coconut and raw coconut meat contain good amount of MCTs.

Most fats and oils in our diet, such as soybean, sunflower oil, and olive oil contain LCTs.

MCTs, though, can increase the body’s ability to burn calories since they break down easily and are absorbed by the cells rapidly.

As a result MCTs are not stored as fat in the body and are sent quickly from the digestive tract to the liver to turn into energy or ketone bodies.

Belly fat

Visceral fat lies deep in the belly and is wrapped around the organs including the stomach, liver, pancreas, and intestines.

Visceral belly fat is also called “active fat” since this type of fat can build up in the arteries and also lead to dangerous health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer.

This fat is different with the subcutaneous fat that is stored under the skin and you can feel it in different parts of your body, such as the arms and legs.

If the belly is sticking out then it is likely that you have stored visceral fat.

If a man’s waist measures 40 inches or more and if a woman’s waist measures 35 inches or more that indicates an excess of visceral fat and health-related issues.

Making changes to diet and lifestyle towards losing weight can help get rid of this active fat.

The study was published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Mumme & Stonehouse, 2015).

The Best Vitamin To Shift Belly Fat

There is evidence that higher levels of this vitamin leads to weight loss.

There is evidence that higher levels of this vitamin leads to weight loss.

Higher levels of vitamin D in the body are linked to weight loss, studies find.

People lose more weight and belly fat when their vitamin D intake is higher.

A study has shown that people drinking more milk can even double weight loss.

Milk contains both calcium and vitamin D, which have both been linked to weight loss by multiple studies.

Another study has found that people with high vitamin D levels lose 20 pounds more when they are dieting than those with lower levels.

Up to 50 percent of the world’s population may be deficient in vitamin D.

People get much of the vitamin D they require from its production in the skin, which is carried out in response to sunlight.

Diet can also provide vitamin D — it is found in high levels in foods like eggs and oily fish.

Studies in rats have found that they burn more calories when they are given large doses of vitamin D.

One analysis of around 165,000 people has found that a 10 percent rise in body weight is linked to a 4 percent drop in vitamin D levels.

The study suggests that the increase in weight leads to a drop in vitamin D levels.

There was evidence that higher vitamin D levels lead to weight loss, although the effect may be small.

Nevertheless, a drop in vitamin D levels in obese people puts them at an additional health risk.

Dr Elina Hypponen, study co-author, said:

“Vitamin D deficiency is an active health concern around the world.

While many health messages have focused on a lack of sun exposure or excessive use of suncreams, we should not forget that vitamin D deficiency is also caused by obesity.

Our study highlights the importance of monitoring and treating vitamin D deficiency in people who are overweight or obese, in order to alleviate adverse health effects caused by a lack of vitamin D.”

The study was published in the journal PLOS Medicine (Vimaleswaran et al., 2013).

Weight Loss: Ozempic Could Be ‘Game-Changing’ Drug (Semaglutide)

Weekly injection of this anti-obesity medication could lead to a weight loss of 37 lb (17 kg).

Weekly injection of this anti-obesity medication could lead to a weight loss of 37 lb (17 kg).

Semaglutide, sold under the brand name Ozempic, could be an effective weight loss medication.

It has been sold in the U.S as an anti-diabetic medication, but the drug appears to have a remarkable weight loss effect when combined with intensive behavioral therapy (IBT) and a low-calorie diet.

A 68 week weight loss trial found that injection of 2.4 mg of semaglutide per week along with a low-calorie diet for the first 8 weeks and 30 sessions of IBT led to obese patients losing 16 percent of their weight.

This is a phase 3 clinical trial confirming the large weight loss effect by semaglutide when given as an anti-obesity medication to patients.

In a previous trial, participants who were obese or overweight received a 2.4 mg dose of semaglutide once-weekly alongside a low-calorie diet and increased physical activity.

Participants, on average, lost over 15 kg and more than 30 percent of people lost one-fifth of their weight — an equivalent of 20 percent.

With obesity approaching 50 percent of the U.S. adult population, these findings on weight management could improve many people’s lives if followed correctly by the health care system.

For the recent study, 611 obese adults with an average weight of 233 pounds (106 kg) and a body mass index (BMI) of 38 took a 68-week weight loss treatment.

At the end of the study period, participants who received weekly a 2.4 mg dose of semaglutide along with a low-calorie diet plus IBT lost 17 kg while those who received a low-calorie diet plus IBT but no drug lost only 6 kg.

The low-calorie diet plan consisted of meal-replacement foods (shakes, bars, and prepared meals) providing 1,000 to 1,200 kcal a day.

Professor Thomas Wadden, the study’s first author, said:

“We wanted to induce a large weight loss with rigorous behavioral therapy and see how much additional weight loss semaglutide could add.

These are remarkable weight losses, particularly the one third of participants who lost 20 percent of baseline weight, a reduction that approaches that achieved with sleeve gastrectomy, a widely used bariatric surgery procedure.”

The semaglutide group who had greater weight loss also saw more improvement in their cardiometabolic health, such as reduced blood pressure, triglycerides, blood sugar levels, and waist circumference.

Professor Timothy Garvey, study co-author, said:

“These metabolic benefits and marked improvements in risk factors hold great promise for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

The unprecedented degree of weight loss is also sufficient to prevent and treat other complications of obesity including osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.”

The higher dose of semaglutide at 2.4 mg seems to influence the brain’s appetite centre by reducing hunger and increasing the feeling of fullness consequently leading to eating less and so weight loss.

The study was published in the JAMA (Wadden et al., 2021).

Weight Loss: 4 Cups Of This Drink Linked To Shedding 5.5 Pounds

It may be effective because it helps to regulate glucose levels.

It may be effective because it helps to regulate glucose levels.

A few cups of green tea each day is linked to weight loss, research finds.

Four cups of green tea was linked to 5.5 pounds of weight loss in eight weeks by one study.

Even two cups per day can be enough to shed a few pounds.

People lose weight drinking green tea in these studies without making other changes to their diet or exercise.

Restricting calories and/or adding more exercise will help to boost weight loss even more.

Green tea may be effective because it helps to regulate glucose levels.

The active ingredient is a type of flavonoid called gallated catechins, also known as EGCG.

Green tea can also help slow down weight gain, researchers have found.

One recent study on mice being fed a high-fat diet also gave them 2 percent green tea.

The results showed they put on 20 percent less weight in comparison to those not fed the green tea extract.

Professor Richard Bruno, study co-author, said:

“This study provides evidence that green tea encourages the growth of good gut bacteria, and that leads to a series of benefits that significantly lower the risk of obesity.”

The mice given the green tea extract also had better gut health and lower insulin resistance.

Professor Bruno said:

“The results of studies looking at obesity management so far have been a real mixed bag.

Some seem to support green tea for weight loss, but a lot of other research has shown no effect, likely due to the complexity of the diet relative to a number of lifestyle factors.”

Drinking green tea could help people lose weight, said Professor Bruno said:

“Two-thirds of American adults are overweight or obese, and we know that just telling people to eat less and exercise more isn’t working.

It’s important to establish complementary health-promoting approaches that can prevent obesity and related problems,”

The study was published in the The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (Chung et al., 2019).

This Type of Intermittent Fasting Boosts Weight Loss 50%

This technique also helps people keep weight off.

This technique also helps people keep weight off.

A 14-day break from dieting helps increase weight loss by 50 percent, research finds.

People who take a break from dieting for a couple of weeks also find it easier to maintain their weight loss over the long term.

Having a break from a weight loss diet is beneficial because the body naturally gets used to lower levels of calories during dieting.

This causes a slowing of the metabolism.

However, taking a break brings the metabolism up to the normal rate again, increasing the rate at which calories are burned.

Professor Nuala Byrne, the study’s first author, explained:

“When we reduce our energy (food) intake during dieting, resting metabolism decreases to a greater extent than expected; a phenomenon termed ‘adaptive thermogenesis’ — making weight loss harder to achieve.

This ‘famine reaction’, a survival mechanism which helped humans to survive as a species when food supply was inconsistent in millennia past, is now contributing to our growing waistlines when the food supply is readily available.”

The study included 51 men who were either dieting continually or who took two-week breaks.

The research was set up in such a way that both groups dieted the same amount in total.

At the end of the study, men taking a two-week break had lost 30 pounds in comparison to 20 pounds in the continuous dieting group.

Intermittent dieting also enabled men to maintain 18 pounds more weight loss than those who dieted continuously.

Professor Byrne said that shorter breaks from dieting, though, are not as effective:

“There is a growing body of research which has shown that diets which use one to seven day periods of complete or partial fasting alternated with ad libitum food intake, are not more effective for weight loss than conventional continuous dieting.

It seems that the ‘breaks’ from dieting we have used in this study may be critical to the success of this approach.

While further investigations are needed around this intermittent dieting approach, findings from this study provide preliminary support for the model as a superior alternative to continuous dieting for weight loss.”

The study was published in the International Journal of Obesity (Byrne et al., 2018).

How To Stop Food Cravings: 10 Techniques Based On Science

Stop food cravings with these ten simple tips based on the psychological research.

Stop food cravings with these ten simple tips based on the psychological research.

1. Tap your forehead

Anything that will distract you from thinking about food cravings will work.

One study has even found that tapping your forehead with your index finger can do the trick.

Just don’t let the tapping turn into punching — you’re not supposed to draw blood, no matter how strong the cravings get!

2. Change how you think

A slightly deeper psychological approach is to start thinking differently.

Take a moment to consider the long-term consequences of eating the wrong foods.

Dr Kathryn Demos, one of the authors of a study which tested this approach on food cravings, explained:

“We found that simply thinking in a different way affects how the brain responds to tempting food cues in individuals with obesity.

Through the MRI scans we identified that thinking about the long-term negative impact of eating unhealthy foods increased activity in a region of the brain involved in inhibitory control and self-regulation.

Our results show the promising possibility that focusing on the long-term consequences of consuming unhealthy foods could help diminish cravings and, as a result, potentially enhance weight-loss efforts.”

3. Play Tetris to stop food cravings

Just three minutes of playing Tetris can reduce cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol, according to a study published in the journal Appetite.

The psychologists concluded that Tetris, a retro tile-matching puzzle game, may provide a visual distraction which helps people control their cravings.

4. Use your imagination

Try thinking about how a rainbow looks or the smell of eucalyptus.

Or even stare at a random pattern of dots — the kind you get if you pull the aerial out of the TV.

All have been found to reduce the vividness of food cravings.

That study’s authors explain that:

“…engaging in a simple visual task seems to hold real promise as a method for curbing food cravings.

…real-world implementations could incorporate the dynamic visual noise display into existing accessible technologies, such as the smart phone and other mobile, hand-held computing devices.”

Your imagination can be a powerful ally in the fight against food cravings.

5. Look at loads of pictures of food

It’s the most unlikely weight-loss trick ever: looking at endless pictures of foods can make them less enjoyable to eat, a recent study has found.

While a few photos might enhance the appetite, contrary to what you’d expect, people are actually put off the taste by looking at loads of pictures of food.

6. Go for a walk to stop food cravings

A 15-minute walk is enough to stop food cravings brought on by stressful situations, a study has found.

The authors concluded:

“Short bouts of physical activity may reduce the craving for sugary snacks in overweight people.

When snacking has become habitual and poorly regulated by overweight people, the promotion of short bouts of physical activity could be valuable for reducing the urge to consume at times when the person may be particularly vulnerable, such as during stress and when snack foods are available.”

7. Protein-rich breakfast

Research shows that eating a good breakfast — particularly one rich in protein — boosts a critical neurotransmitter, which may lower food cravings later in the day.

Dr. Heather Leidy, an assistant professor of nutrition and exercise physiology who led the study, said:

“Our research showed that people experience a dramatic decline in cravings for sweet foods when they eat breakfast.

However, breakfasts that are high in protein also reduced cravings for savory — or high-fat — foods.

On the other hand, if breakfast is skipped, these cravings continue to rise throughout the day.”

8. Stop food cravings with chewing gum

It’s an old trick, but one that can work.

It may not look good chewing gum, but some studies suggest it can reduce the intake of snacks.

Dr. Paula J Geiselman who has conducted a study on this, explained that her research…

“…demonstrates the potential role chewing gum can play in appetite control, reduction of snack cravings and weight management.

Even small changes in calories can have an impact in the long term.

And, this research supports the role of chewing gum as an easy, practical tool for managing snack, especially sweet snack, intake and cravings.”

9. Less food cravings from sleeping well

People who are short of sleep find it difficult to resist temptations, one study has found.

Matthew Walker, one of its authors, explained:

“What we have discovered is that high-level brain regions required for complex judgments and decisions become blunted by a lack of sleep, while more primal brain structures that control motivation and desire are amplified.”

In other words, being short of sleep = desire for sugary snacks.

10. Pay attention to your emotions

Tuning in to your emotions is an important step in managing food cravings.

One study has found that people lose more weight when they learn to get in touch with their feelings about food.

That study’s authors concluded:

“With a better understanding of how they feel and how to use emotions to make better decisions, people will not only eat better, they will also likely be happier and healthier because they relate better to others and are more concerned with their overall well-being.”


This Weight Loss Technique Is Twice As Effective

This weight loss is achieved without making changes to exercise or diet.

This weight loss is achieved without making changes to exercise or diet.

Simply tracking food intake and weight can help to double weight loss, research finds.

People who keep a food diary, which involves noting down what they eat, and track their weight, see increased weight loss.

The more notes that people keep, the greater their weight loss.

This weight loss is achieved without making changes to exercise or diet.

However, adding these elements can increase weight loss even further.

For this particular study, people used a free app called ‘MyFitnessPal’.

Other similar apps would likely work just as well.

Professor Gary Bennett, study co-author, said:

“Free and low-cost weight loss apps have changed the ways that Americans manage their weight.

However, we knew little about whether these tools worked very well on their own.

We’ve shown that commercial smartphone apps can be a helpful way to get started with weight loss.”

There were 105 overweight people in the study, which lasted three months.

The only intervention people followed was tracking their food and drink consumption.

The results showed that those who lost the most weight, an average of 7 pounds, were those that tracked their consumption and weight most assiduously.

Ms Michele Lanpher Patel, the study’s first author, said:

“We wanted to study a lower-intensity treatment for weight loss whereby people could join from the comfort of their home.

Not everyone wants or has time for a high-intensity weight-loss treatment.”

Professor Bennett said:

“We have very strong evidence that consistent tracking — particularly of diet, but also one’s weight — is an essential element of successful weight loss.

Consumers should look for apps that make it easy for them to track on a consistent basis.”

The study was published in the journal JMIR mHealth and uHealth (Patel et al., 2019).