People are more likely to stick to an exercise routine if it fits their personality, research finds.
Extraverts have more success in the gym where they are surrounded by other people.
They prefer the excitement of having others around them.
Amy Hagan, the study’s author, said music is also important to extraverts:
“These excitement-craving people love lots of activity, and they want to go, go, go.
Music seems to add more excitement to their workout and gets them going even more vigorously.”
People who like new experiences may be better exercising outdoors.
Those seeking variety are not always fans of regularly scheduled classes.
People who are conscientious, however, do like scheduled workout sessions, but they would rather be in charge of it themselves.
Ms Hagan said:
“These are very self-disciplined people who strive to achieve something.
They want to take charge of their own exercise routine to make sure it will get done.”
The conclusions come from a study of 860 students who were given personality tests and asked about their exercise habits.
The results revealed that different personality types like to exercise in different ways.
Least likely to exercise were people high in neuroticism, said Ms Hagan:
“People who are neurotic are least likely to exercise, but these are the very people who would benefit the most from the activity because it would help reduce their anxiety and stress.”
Ms Hagan said:
“If people’s personalities can predict what conditions are most favorable for them to exercise, then an exercise program can be tailored to fit their personal needs, making it more likely they will stick with a routine.”
About the author
Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology.
He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2003) and several ebooks:
- Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion
- The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic
- Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
- Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
The study was presented at the North American Society for the Psychology of Sports and Physical Activity (Hagan, 2004).