Acetaminophen — also known as Tylenol (or paracetamol outside the US) — kills positive emotions, a new study finds.
Studies have already shown that the painkiller blunts both physical and psychological pain.
But this is the first time anyone has thought to test the popular painkiller’s effect on both negative and positive emotions.
Acetaminophen is such a popular drug that it is found in over 600 different medicines.
Geoffrey Durso, the study’s lead author, said:
“This means that using Tylenol or similar products might have broader consequences than previously thought.
Rather than just being a pain reliever, acetaminophen can be seen as an all-purpose emotion reliever.”
The study had half the participants take a dose of 1000 mg of acetaminophen, which is a regular amount (often taken as two 500 mg pills).
The remainder were given an inactive placebo.
After waiting an hour for the drug to take effect, both groups were given the same test.
They viewed a series of photos designed to elicit various positive and negative emotions.
Dr Baldwin Way, one of the study’s authors, explained the results:
“People who took acetaminophen didn’t feel the same highs or lows as did the people who took placebos.”
In other words, the drug blunted both positive and negative emotions.
When people saw a relatively happy picture — like children with kittens — they still rated their emotional reaction near the midpoint.
People who’d taken the placebo were more emotionally affected.
Despite the changes, people who’d taken acetaminophen didn’t feel they were reacting any differently.
Dr Way said:
“Most people probably aren’t aware of how their emotions may be impacted when they take acetaminophen.”
It is not yet known if other pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen have the same effect.
The research might suggest, though, that some factors affect both our positive and negative emotions in a similar way.
It could even be, Geoffrey Durso said, that the study tapped into some difference between people in how they react to both positive and negative events:
“There is accumulating evidence that some people are more sensitive to big life events of all kinds, rather than just vulnerable to bad events.”
The study is published in the journal Psychological Science (Durso et al., 2015)
About the author
Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology.
He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2003) and several ebooks:
- Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion
- The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic
- Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
- Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
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