Memory problems can be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency, research finds.
People with B12 deficiency can experience worse memory for both ideas and events.
The vitamin deficiency has also been linked to Alzheimer’s disease and brain shrinkage by some research.
The good news is that B12 deficiency is relatively easy to correct with a change in diet or supplementation.
Good sources of vitamin B12 include fish, poultry, eggs and low-fat milk.
Fortified breakfast cereals also contain vitamin B12.
People who may have difficulty getting enough vitamin B12 include vegetarians, older people and those with some digestive disorders, such as Crohn’s disease.
The conclusions about the link between Alzheimer’s and B12 come from a study of 271 Finnish people aged 65-79 who were followed for 7 years.
At the start of the study, all were healthy — however, by the end, 17 had developed Alzheimer’s.
Blood tests showed that higher levels of vitamin B12 were associated with a lower risk of developing the disease.
Dr Babak Hooshmand, the study’s first author, said:
“Our findings show the need for further research on the role of vitamin B12 as a marker for identifying people who are at increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Low levels of vitamin B12 are surprisingly common in the elderly.
However, the few studies that have investigated the usefulness of vitamin B12 supplements to reduce the risk of memory loss have had mixed results.”
Dr Hooshmand cautioned that B12 supplements for memory problems are not yet supported unequivocally by the research:
“More research is needed to confirm these findings before vitamin B12 should be used solely as a supplement to help protect memory.”
About the author
Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology.
He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2003) and several ebooks:
- Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion
- The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic
- Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
- Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
The study was published in the journal Neurology (Hooshmand et al., 2010).