Goal-setting is one of the tasks in my motivation ebook: “Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything”
Goals are frequently found to boost people’s motivation, and so their performance.
A recent study, however, reveals a fascinating kink in that oft-quoted research.
Men, it seems, respond to goals better than women, the study found.
While goal-setting may work less well for women in some circumstances, it is still effective to some extent for both sexes.
Mr Samuel Smithers, the author of the research, said:
“The focus of this research was to determine how to motivate people.
When we are given a goal, we feel a sense of purpose to achieve it; it naturally helps to focus us.
The findings demonstrate that setting a goal induces higher effort.
For the study people had to do a simple addition task.
They were challenged to achieve 10 correct answers in one group and 15 correct answers in another group.
Both were compared with a control group who were given no goal.
The results showed that goal-setting had similar effects to monetary incentives.
People with goals focused more and increased their speed to complete the task.
Mr Smithers said:
“My research found that women perform better than men in the no goal setting, but men thrive in both of the goal treatments, suggesting that men are more responsive to goals than women.
I also found a 20 per cent and 35 per cent increase in correct number of additions for the medium and challenging goal groups over the control group.
This is an incredible increase in output without the need for extra monetary incentives.
The increase was due to an increase in both the speed and accuracy of the participants in the goal groups.”
• Read more about PsyBlog’s motivation ebook: Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything.
The study was published in the journal Economic Letters (Smithers, 2015).
About the author
Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology.
He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2013) and several ebooks:
- Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion
- The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic
- Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
- Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
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